Logic and psychology of reasoning have a long history of
indifference, enlivened only by episodes of open animosity.
Comparisons between the norms of logical systems and
the behavior of experimental subjects are claimed to show
wide gaps. In this talk, I will discuss some more constructive
(if less exciting) perspectives, in line with congenial authors
at this interface. I present three themes in modern logic with
a bearing on cognition: the coexistence of simple and complex
reasoning systems, the mutual support of qualitative logical
reasoning and numerical calculation, and the interplay of
inference and updating represented information.
- J. van Benthem, 2008,
‘Logic and Reasoning: Do the Facts Matter?’,
Studia Logica 88, 67–84.
- J. van Benthem, 2011,
Logical Dynamics of Information and Interaction,
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK.
- J. van Benthem, F. Liu & S. Smets, 2020,
‘Logico-Computational Aspects of Rationality’,
to appear in M. Knauff & W. Spohn, eds.,
Handbook of Rationality, The MIT Press, Cambridge MA.
Johan van Benthem https://staff.fnwi.uva.nl/j.vanbenthem/)
is a University Professor of Logic (em.) at the University of
Amsterdam, Henry Waldgrave Stuart Professor of Philosophy
at Stanford University, and Jin Yuelin Professor of Logic at
Tsinghua University. His interests include language,
computation, information dynamics, and games, plus
connections between logic and mathematics, philosophy,
computer science, linguistics, and the cognitive and
behavioral sciences. He was the founding director of the
ILLC in Amsterdam, and is a co-director of the Amsterdam-
Tsinghua research center for logic in Beijing, Van Benthem
is a member of the Dutch Royal Academy, the Academia
Europaea, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.